In Brazil, a bee stings-specific anti-venom will be tested on humans. This serum should limit these bites, sometimes fatal complications.
Soon a serum against bee stings?
How to avoid complications related to bee stings? In Brazil, the Ministry of health and the national sanitary vigilance Agency (Anvisa) has just authorized the first tests inactual condition of serum specific to bee stings anti-venom. The origin of this antidote: researchers from the centre for studies on the poison of venomous animals (Cevap) of the University of Botucatu (Unesp), in partnership with the Institute Vital Brazil in Rio de Janeiro.
Test the anti-venom on 300 people
As a first step, the researchers will administer this anti-venom to 20 patients, beginning in April 2016, in accordance with specific criteria. "Participating physicians to theproject will be responsible for defining what patient can receive the anti-venom andwhat dose", explains Rui Seabra Ferreira, researcher Coordinator of the Cevap, in a communiqué of the Unesp. Then the trial will enter into phase 3, i.e. that the antidotewill be administered to a wider panel of patients here up to 300 people. This drug is administered intravenously: "20 ml of serum give the body a quantity of antibodiescapable of neutralizing 90% of the problems caused by bee stings, the more common to the Brazil" said the University. The researchers hope to expand the use of thisproduct in the Brazil, then in other countries of the American continent widely affected by bee stings.
According to the Brazilian Ministry of health, the country annually nearly 15,000 cases of bee stings, including 40 fatalities. The venom of bees damage the kidneys, liver and heart. The deaths at this insect bites are mainly caused by kidney failure.